Saturday, 4 June 2016

Extension IDOC type

What is Extension IDOC type ?

An IDOC is of 2 types:-
  1. Basic
  2. Extension
SAP-IDOC 
SAP provides many a pre-defined Basic IDOC Types which can not be modified. In case you want to add more data to these restricted basic type  you may use an extension type. Most of the times you will NOT use extension.
SAP-IDOC 

Documentation

Each IDOC are thoroughly documented in transaction WE60
SAP-IDOC 

Message Type

A message represents a specific type of document that is transmitted between two partners Ex. Orders,orders responses,invoices etc

An idoc type can be associated with many message types

Also a message type can be associated with different idoc types. Transaction WE81
 
SAP-IDOC 

IDOC Views

An IDOC type can be used for more than one message type, which results in IDOCs containing more fields than required for a particular message type.
IDOC views are used to improve performance in generating IDOCs to ensure only the relevant segments are filled with data. IDOC Views are important only for Outbound Processing.
SAP-IDOC 

Partner Profiles

A partner is defined as a business partner with whom you conduct business and exchange documents

In the partner profile of a partner that we exchange Idocs with, we maintain the parameters that are necessary for exchanging the data. The transaction used is WE20.
SAP-IDOC

Port

The port defines the technical characteristics of the connection between your SAP system and the other system you want to transfer data with (subsystem). The port defines the medium in which data is exchanged between the 2 systems.

There are different types of ports. The 2 most commonly used are the TRFC ports used in ALE  and File ports which EDI uses.

For TRFC ports we have to give the name of the logical destination created using SM59.

When using file port you can specify the directory where the IDOC file should be placed. The other system or the middleware will pick up the file from here. The Function module can be used to generate a file name for the idoc. While testing you can use "Outbound file" to specify a constant file name. The tab "outbound trigger" can be used to supply information if we want to trigger some processing on the subsystem when an idoc is created at this location. We have to specify the command file name and the directory which has to be run.
SAP-IDOC 

This is so CONFUSING!

Lets understand the process of creating an IDOC with an example -
  • Whenever a Purchase Order (PO) is created we want to send the IDOC to a vendor.
  • The PO is sent in the form of an IDOC to the vendor (partner). That partner has to be EDI enabled in that system. SAP should realize that it could send doc to this vendor electronically.
  • The PO sent as an outbound idoc by the customer will be inbound idoc for the vendor. The SAP system on the vendors side can process this to create an application document (a sales order) on their system.
  • Quotation, RFQ, PO, SO, Invoice, delivery note etc are some of the commonly exchanged documents through IDOC
The process of data transfer out of your SAP system is called the Outbound process , while that of data moving into you SAP system is called Inbound process. As a developer or a consultant who will be involved in setting up theses process for your organization. Here are the steps how to set them up-

The Outbound Process

Steps Involved -
  1. Create segments(WE31)
  2. Create an idoc type(WE30)
  3. Create a message type (WE81)
  4. Associate a message type to idoc type(WE82)
  5. Create a port(WE21)
  6. If you are going to use the message control method to trigger idocs then create the function module for creating the idoc and associate the function module to an outbound process code
  7. Otherwise create the function module or stand alone program which will create the idoc
  8. Create a partner profile(WE20) with the necessary information in the outbound parameters for the partner you want to exchange the idoc with.Trigger the idoc.

The Inbound Process

Steps Involved-
  1. Creation of basic Idoc type (Transaction WE30)
  2. Creating message type (Transaction WE81)
  3. Associating the Message type to basic Idoc type (Transaction WE82)
  4. Create the function module for processing the idoc
  5. Define the function module characteristics (BD51)
  6. Allocate the inbound function module to the message type(WE57)
  7. Defining process code (Transaction WE42)
  8. Creation of partner profile (Transaction WE20)

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